Torino is a strategic UN seat; the international campus, set up in 1964 by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in collaboration with the Italian government, houses ITCILO, UNICRI, UNSSC, and a thematic library.
” … it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed”
– UNESCO Chart
The ITCILO – ILO International Training Center – is the professional specialization institute of ILO, the UN agency committed to fostering social justice, human rights, and international labour standards, in order to ensure dignified jobs.
The center’s buildings are laid out in five groups representing the five continents: America, Africa, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.
The UNICRI – UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute – is the UN institute set up in 1968, put in charge of research, training, technical cooperation, and information dissemination about crime prevention and justice. Among the goals it pursues, there are the strengthening of institutions and the building of justice systems in tune with the international standards, the adoption of effective crime prevention and contrast policies, and the promotion of a human rights culture.
The UNSSC – UN System Staff College – was inaugurated on Jan. 1st 2002 by the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan as a self-standing organization meant to back the UN inside reform process started in the 1990s.
This college specifically focuses on economic and social development programs, on peace and security, and on the system’s inner management.
The UN aims also at focusing the world community’s attention on issues of special concern and encouraging the international action on matters of global relevance. Proclaiming International years and decades pursues such a goal. The 2001-2010 Decade for a Culture of Peace and Nonviolence, took in an appeal by Nobel Prize Laureates and specifically showed the need to operate for a trend turnabout through an active collaboration to building a Culture of Peace.
Such a kind of action features a political character as well as a moral force, which, along with the good faith principle and the collaboration obligation included in the UN Chart, amplify its importance. As to Italy, an Italian Committee for a culture of peace and nonviolence (Comitato Italiano per una cultura di pace e nonviolenza) has since been set up, and has i.e. contributed to drawing up and editing the ‘Guidelines on peace education’ published in 2007 by the then Public Education minister.